The risks of e-cigarettes

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What are the risks of vaping?

Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes: what are the risks?


More and more smokers are seduced by electronic cigarette or e-cigarette. However,  most of us don’t know about the actual risks of vaping. Experts still debate about it and we don’t have enough studies yet. What do we really know about e-cigarettes? What are the risks related to vaping?

Docteur B.Dautzenber, respirologist in the hospital La Pitié Salpétriêre in Paris, often says when comparing the toxicity of cigarettes and e-cigarettes. “ Smoking is like taking the highway the wrong way. Vaping is like driving at 90 mph instead of  80 mph.” According to his studies , “an e-cig is 100 to 1000 times less harmful than a cigarette.”

No carcinogen, no carbon monoxide

The vapor produced by electronic cigarettes comes from a liquid called e-liquid. Those e-liquids are essentially composed of propylen glycol (PG) or/and vegetable glycerine (GV), two compounds also used in cosmetic and food industries. Unlike cigarettes , e-cigarettes release neither carbon monoxide, which induces cardiovascular diseases , nor great amounts of carcinogen. A recent study ordered by the French Government asserts “ Today, researches of carcinogen in e-cigarette vapour have not find any products known as “likely” or “clear”  carcinogen” .

Is e-cigarette addictive?

Many worry about the presence of nicotine in e-liquid,  between 0 and 20 mg depending on the product. Some experts assess that a minimum amount of  nicotine, about 18 mg/ml,  must remain in some e-cigarette to offer to smokers an effective way out from tobacco.  But today, the phenomenon is too young for studies to state on the long term effects of e-cigarette. Public Authorities and healthcare associations fear above all that e-cigarettes draw non-smokers, especially the youngest, into smoking. Consequently, many countries like Austria, and US cities (New York, Los Angeles) have strictly framed the e-cigarette market, prohibiting for instance vaping in public places.

Passive vaping

Unlike cigarette smoke, e-vapor does not come from a combustion. The e-vapor composition is very close to  the e-liquid composition and so may cause the same risk.  The OFT (Office français du prévention du tabagisme) study observes : “ Passive exposure to the e-cigarette aerosol does not expose to either carbon monoxide, or carcinogen, or particles, but it exposes people to nicotine”.

Today, more than 1 million french smokers have adopted the e-cigarette. On the web, there are more and more testimonies of great health improvement.  For instance, in the forum of lemonde.fr, a user testifies “My hair, my clothes, my apartment, my car now smell better than a ashtray and I have avoided four out of five bronchitis infections that I used to get every year from smoking.” Let’s admit it would be better to respect traffic laws but a light speeding is always better, for pretty obvious reasons, than driving the wrong way. The e-cigarette offers an effective way out of medical hardships induced by smoking.

Sources :

http://www.ofta-asso.fr/docatel/Rapport_e-cigarette_VF_1.pdf
http://www.lemonde.fr/sciences/article/2014/03/03/bertrand-dautzenberg-avocat-du-vapotage_4376743_1650684.html
http://www.stop-tabac.ch/fra/astuces-pour-arreter-de-fumer/cigarettes-electroniques.html
http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/societe/sante/dangers-des-cigarettes-electroniques-les-fumeurs-vapotent-dans-le-flou_1503838.html
http://sante.lefigaro.fr/actualite/2014/04/20/22253-linnocuite-cigarette-electronique-remise-question
http://leplus.nouvelobs.com/contribution/926073-la-cigarette-electronique-cancerogene-la-fin-de-l-espoir-de-fumer-sans-risque.html
http://www.sciencesetavenir.fr/sante/20140326.OBS1288/cigarette-electronique-1400-cas-d-empoisonnement-par-e-liquide.html
http://www.stopcancerfund.org/uncategorized/are-e-cigarettes-safer-than-regular-cigarettes/
http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/may/05/rise-of-e-cigarettes-miracle-or-health-risk
http://www.ofta-asso.fr/docatel/Rapport_e-cigarette_VF_1.pdf
http://www.lemonde.fr/sciences/article/2014/03/03/bertrand-dautzenberg-avocat-du-vapotage_4376743_1650684.html
http://www.la-croix.com/Ethique/Actualite/Bertrand-Dautzenberg-la-cigarette-electronique-ne-doit-pas-etre-seulement-un-medicament-2013-10-07-1035327


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